|Title||Urinary Cell Transcriptome Profiling and Identification of ITM2A, SLAMF6, and IKZF3 as Biomarkers of Acute Rejection in Human Kidney Allografts.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Dooley BJ, Verma A, Ding R, Yang H, Muthukumar T, Lubetzky M, Shankaranarayanan D, Elemento O, Suthanthiran M|
|Date Published||2020 Aug|
Identification of a shared gene expression pattern between T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) and antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in human kidney allografts may help prioritize targets for the treatment of both types of acute rejection.
Methods: We performed RNA sequencing and bioinformatics of genome-wide transcriptome profiles of urinary cells to identify novel mRNAs shared between TCMR and AMR and of mechanistic relevance. Customized RT-QPCR assays were then used to validate their abundance in urinary cells. Urinary cell transcriptome profiles and mRNA abundance were assessed in 22 urine samples matched to 22 TCMR biopsies, 7 samples matched to 7 AMR biopsies, and 24 samples matched to 24 No Rejection (NR) biopsies and correlated with biopsy diagnosis.
Results: RNA sequencing data and bioinformatics identified 127 genes in urine to be shared between TCMR and AMR. We selected 3 novel mRNAs-ITM2A, SLAMF6, and IKZF3-for absolute quantification and validation by customized RT-QPCR assays. The abundance of all 3 mRNAs was significantly higher in urine matched to TCMR or AMR than in urine matched to NR biopsies. Receiver-operating-characteristic curve analysis showed that all 3 mRNAs distinguished TCMR or AMR from NR. Their abundance was similar in patients with TCMR and those with AMR.
Conclusions: State-of-the-art antirejection therapies are mostly effective to treat TCMR but not AMR. Our identification of mRNAs shared between TCMR and AMR and contributing to T cell-B cell interactions may help prioritize therapeutic targets for the simultaneous treatment of TCMR and AMR.
|Alternate Journal||Transplant Direct|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC7377920|